What You should be aware of using
Drug addiction, or known as substance use disorder in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), is the compulsive use of a substance despite negative or dangerous consequences. It affects anyone from any socioeconomic status and class. The important characteristic is an underlying change in brain chemistry due to excessive drug use. You learn to associate the pleasure of drug use with using places, people and things. Due to brain chemistry change and paired associative learning, you are prone to experience cravings when you are triggered. The solution to quench this craving is by relapsing back into drug use. Repeated relapses and drug cravings, when exposed to a trigger, are some of the physical symptoms of the brain chemistry change.
Stopping the drug use after frequent use leads to acute withdrawal symptoms. To avoid the uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, you seek relief through drug use. The addictive cycle is reinforced and strengthened. While engaging in this destructive cycle, drug addiction affects your career, relationships and financial situation - it pervades all domains of your life.
Signs and Symptoms of drug addiction/dependence
DSM-5 outlined 11 criteria as symptoms of drug addiction.
Severity of substance use disorder
Breaking a drug addiction cycle is difficult, but not impossible. Help, like addiction counselling, educational and therapy programmes and 12-Step Self-help recovery support group, is available for the individual and family members.
Drug addiction is viewed as chronic and relapsing
When you are actively using, addiction hijacked your brain, placed drug-using as its main priority. During this cycle of active drug use, the brain undergoes chemistry change where it associates pleasure with drug use and its environment. This memory association would become triggers where you are reminded of the pleasures of drug use.
You experienced intense cravings. When you undergo withdrawal period, the pain of withdrawal is so great that, you use in order to avoid the pain of the physical withdrawal symptoms. In order to address the physiological effects of drugs, you seek medical help for detoxification.
After medical detoxification, the drugs are out of the body system. Because of the brain chemistry change, due to excessive drug use and memory association, a drug user is triggered by drug-related cues and stimuli. Even after you have completed your medical detoxification, you are faced with triggers and cravings which might lead them back to drug use. When you are triggered, you tend to display an optimistic bias and ignores the risks and costs associated with drug use. The risk of relapse is increased when you are undergoing a personal crisis. Counselling is helpful to address these psychological dependences.
Help & Treatment
Seeking professional help early can help to reduce the harmful consequences and social & economic costs arising from excessive drug use.
Screening - The aim of the initial session is to identify the presence of drug-using problems and/or effect of negative consequences of excessive drug use. Any other existing mental health conditions are screened for in order to provide a deeper understanding of the client.
Assessment - This is a comprehensive understanding of the severity and depth of the drug use problem in the context of the client life's situation. The individual's strengths, weaknesses, problems and needs are accounted in order to collaborate an effective solution. Potential risks are also discussed to integrate into the treatment planning. If the client requires medical detoxification, the client will be referred to the appropriate agencies, with the client's permission, as WE CARE does not offer medical detoxification services. For clients that do not need medical detoxification, a discussion of a suitable treatment plan can proceed.
Treatment Planning + Counselling - The treatment plan is tailored to the client's needs. Immediate and long-term goals are established. A discussion of WE CARE's holistic services is included in the treatment planning. Brief therapy is provided to clients with mild to moderate drug use problems. For chronic drug users, an intensive and long-term recovery approach is more appropriate.
The SOAR (Substance or Alcohol Recovery) Programme is a structured therapy programme designed for people with substance, prescription meds and/or alcohol abuse problems. Counselling is provided by trained addiction specialists.
Basic programme components:
Depending on needs, some clients may require further sessions after the initial phase of programme
To download the flyer, click here.
To make an appointment, call 6547 5459 or email: email@example.com
SMART stands for Self-Management & Recovery Training. Participants learn tools for addiction recovery based on the latest scientific research and participate in a world-wide community which includes free, self-empowering, science-based mutual help groups.
SMART Recovery dates
Day: Every Thursday
Timing:230pm to 430pm
Venue: WE CARE, 11 Jalan Ubi
SMART is catered for individuals with a history of addictions. Interested participants are required to undergo a clincial intake before attending SMART Recovery.
If interested, register below or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Mindfulness For Recovery
Mindfulness for Recovery is an open group to learn and practice mindfulness. Mindful practice aims to help participants to break away from their own destructive habitual patterns. All facilitators have personal experience practising mindfulness.
This group is catered for people with a history of addictions, reactive behaviours and/or mood disorders
Every Friday, 630pm to 730pm
Venue: WE CARE Community Services
To register: call 6547 5459 or email email@example.com
Families in Recovery through Education and Empowerment
FREE stands for Families in Recovery through Education and Empowerment. FREE is a workshop for the family members of addicted ones.
Date: Every 2nd Monday of the Month except Public Holiday
Upcoming workshop: 11 June 2018
Timing: 7pm to 9pm
Venue: WE CARE
To sign up, call WE CARE at 6547-5459. No payment is required for this programme.